From Latin, notably in Romance languages such as French commune (Benin, France), Italian comune, Romanian comună, and Spanish comuna (Chile), and in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, and Norwegian/Danish kommune. Other terms include Spanish ayuntamiento, and municipalidad (cognate to “municipality”) and Polish gmina.
In Australia, the term local government area (LGA) is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the “LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are legally designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility.”
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Municipality, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.