From a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, or a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York. The power of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, and corporate income tax, but may also receive substantial funding from the state.
In Australia, the term local government area (LGA) is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the “LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are legally designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility.”
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Municipality, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.